Home > Guide

Mortgage Terms Normally Utilized In Real Estate Deals

There are numerous mortgage terms that every customer should know before going in to a binding agreement. Below is a list which covers the basic terms that are frequently used in a mortgage contract.


This is the schedule which establishes how frequently you make payments for the period of your loan. It separates the loan amount from the principal amount and shows how much of your periodic payments are going to each. At first, most of your payments would be put towards the interest.

Appraised Value

Lenders utilize this amount so as to establish the mortgage amount. This refers to the estimate market value of the property and is commonly made by an appraiser.


In order to determine the property taxes that are due, the local municipality assesses the value of the property.

Assumable Mortgage

A mortgage that is transferred from the seller to the buyer. When the property is purchased, the buyer takes over the task for making the mortgage payments.

Blended Mortgage

A mortgage rate that is created by combining two mortgage rates, and one having a higher rate compared to the other. The new mortgage would have an interest rate which hovers between the two original rates.


A buy-down involves paying the lender in one lump sum or in monthly installments to be able to acquire a lower interest rate.

Closed Mortgage

The borrower cannot make pre-payments or renegotiate the mortgage contract in a closed mortgage.

Conventional Mortgage

This particular mortgage loan is given when the downpayment is more than 20%. For this type of mortgage, the lender does not need loan insurance.

Debt Service Ratio

This ratio represents the percentage of the borrower's earnings that the lender will permit them to utilize in the loan qualifications. Total Debt Service Ratio means the maximum amount which a lender will agree to for all debt repayments, like for instance other loans, mortgages and credit cards.


In the mortgage terms agreement, a default is when the borrower does not or cannot pay the established installment payments.


When any financial burdens, including mortgages, are removed from the house.


Equity is the total difference between the overall selling property value and the amount mortgage owed. It is considered the owner's "stake" in their property.

First Mortgage

The first mortgage which is taken out on a home. Any other mortgages which are secured against the property are called secondary mortgages.


If the borrower defaults on a loan, the lender may take possession and ownership of the house. This is referred to as foreclosure.

Gross Debt Service (GDS) Ratio

This is a percentage of the gross income a consumer must to be able to cover monthly housing costs. It is recommended that this percentage must not be higher than 32% of your whole monthly earnings.

Gross Household Income

This number represents the total earnings of a household prior to deductions, like for instance salary, wages, and commissions. Whoever household members who are co-applicants for the mortgage are included in this amount.

Hazard Insurance

Lenders need this particular insurance policy to make certain that a house is protected against any damage caused by fire, water, weather, and so forth.

High Ratio Mortgage

A high ratio mortgage is when the borrower makes a downpayment of lower than 20 percent of the loan. The Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation or a private insurer should insure the loan to be able to protect the lender against non-payment.

Interest Rate Differential Amount (IRD)

If you pay of your mortgage principal before the maturity date or pay beyond the prepayment amount previously agreed upon within the mortgage contract, you can be subjected to an IRD fee. This amount is established by calculating the amount being prepaid utilizing an interest rate which is equivalent to the difference between the interest rate that the lender is currently charging when re-lending the funds for the remaining term of the mortgage and your current mortgage interest rate.

Interim Financing

This represents short-term financing. It helps the buyer to smooth the gap between the closing date of their new residence and the closing date on their current residence.

Maturity Date

This date is the day or time the mortgage contract will come to an end.


This is a contract that is made between a borrower and a lender. In order to ensure repayment of the loan, the borrower will pledge the house as security.

Mortgage Broker

The professional who works as the intermediary between the lender and the borrower.

Mortgage Insurance Premium

This is added to the mortgage and should be paid over the term of the mortgage. This amount is generally only charged on a mortgage loan where the downpayment was under 20% percent. This helps protect the lender against loss in the event of default.

Mortgage Life Insurance

This particular term insurance is accessible to all borrowers. Should one of the owners, or the owner, comes to an unfortunate end the insurance company would pay the remaining balance on the mortgage. This helps to ensure that the survivors would not lose their house.

Mortgage Payment

Mortgage payments are paid on a regular schedule and goes towards the interest on the mortgage contract and towards the principal amount.

Mortgage Term

The borrower has a predetermined amount of time to pay back the lender. At the end of the term, the borrower could choose to either repay the remaining principal due or they can renegotiate the mortgage. Terms usually run from six months up to 60 months.


The mortgagee is the lending institution who lends the money to the borrower.

About the Author

Jim Fairbank has realized there is a lack of information covering the mortgage broker industry. An area that he addresses with terrific expertise is the mortgage broker industry. The mortgage broker market is one of the more complex commercial industries to understand. If you are interested in learning a little more concerning the business, you might want to take a look at http://mortgagebrokerabbotsford.ca, as it is a celebrated resource that focuses on all of the fine details that various people forget about.

comments powered by Disqus